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ON THE ROAD EMERGENCY SAFETY


On-the-road Emergency Safety There are plenty of ingredients for a bad summer road trip in addition to rain and cranky kids.  You could be driving along when the engine stalls (the reason for GM’s recent recall of 1.6 million cars) or the car accelerates suddenly and unintentionally (the reason for Toyota’s recalls in 2009 and 2010) or a tire blows out.  Here’s what to do in those situations and how to stay safe. 


Stalled engine.  A car can lose power for many reasons, from running out of gas to having a faulty fuel pump or alternator.  If you’re driving and the ignition key moves to the accessary position accidentally, try shifting into neutral and restarting the engine.  Then shift back into drive and you’re good to go.  If the engine won’t restart or has stalled for another reason, apply the brakes and steer gradually to the side of the road.  You’ll lose power steering, so steering will feel heavier, but it will still be possible to steer.  Expect the power boost for brakes to disappear after one or two applications, so try to stop as soon as you can, using the emergency brake if necessary.  


Sudden acceleration.  Tests have shown that brakes may not be enough to stop a car with a stuck throttle while traveling at highway speeds.  Brake firmly, but don’t pump the brakes.  And don’t turn off the engine, because doing so disables the power assist for your steering and brakes.  Shift into neutral.  Don’t worry if the engine revs up alarmingly—most modern cars have rev-limiters, and that will keep the engine under control.  Safely steer to a safe location and come to a full stop.  Shut off the engine with the transmission still in neutral.  Lastly, shift the transmission into park or, with manual transmission, set the emergency brake. 


Blown tire.  Don’t panic and stop in the travel lane; take a firm grip on the wheel and limp the car to a safe location.  A new wheel is less important than your safety.  Do what you can to prevent flats from happening in the first place by keeping all tires, even the spare, properly inflated to the automaker’s recommended pressure.  Check air pressure at least monthly—many problems result from underinflated tires that overheat—and inspect the sidewalls for bulges or cracks. 


For any of those emergencies, once you’re safe take a deep breath, and then turn on the hazard flashers and summon help.   


Keep these in the car: cell phone and charger; fire extinguisher; warning light, hazard triangles, or flares; jack and lug wrench or nonflammable foam tire sealant; spare fuses; bright, weatherproof flashlight; gloves, and cleaner, clean rags; auto-club card or roadside-assistance number; jumper cables or a portable battery booster; pen and paper; and an escape device (for example, Resqme, a key chain with a blade to slice seatbelts and a spike to shatter windows. 



STAY SAFE